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Paul's Letter To The Romans

It is evident from the statements in Rom. 1:11-15 that at the time of writing this letter, the apostle had not yet visited Rome. Yet his extensive knowledge of the saints there (36 of whom are referred to) is revealed in the closing chapter. Paul had a longing to visit them. First he intended to go to Jerusalem to convey the gift from the saints in Macedonia and Achaia to the poor among the saints in Jerusalem. After completing this mission, his purpose was to visit Rome on his way to Spain (15:22-29). (How different was his actual journey as a prisoner following his appeal to Caesar I). While the apostle was in Ephesus his plans for the future were made known. "Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome" (Acts 19:21).

It is interesting to note that from Ephesus he sent Timothy and Erastus into Macedonia while he stayed in Asia for a while. After the uproar in Ephesus, he journeyed into Macedonia, and thence into Greece, where he spent three months (Acts 20:1-4). At that time, Timothy, Sosipater, Gaius and Erastus were with the apostle, and are amongst those who sent greetings to the saints in Rome (Rom. 16:21-23).

Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, some nine miles from Corinth, is commended to the church in Rome, and she may have been the bearer of the letter (Rom. 16:1,2).

It would seem that the letter was written from Corinth fairly late in the apostle's public ministry, and during his final visit to that city. The date may have been about A.D.58.